There are several different types of respite offered to adults in need based on the needs of the caregiver, and the needs of the adult being cared for.
Home based respite care is given for short-term respite needs such as when the caregiver needs to attend to personal errands, or needs a couple of hours off. On occasion home-based respite may include over night care. Respite workers who come to the loved one’s home can be agency, other family member, friend, or community volunteer.
Respite can also be done in the respite worker’s home for short-term care. The primary caregiver would drop off the loved one at the respite worker’s home and then take a short break. Sometimes those who do respite care in their homes will advertise in local newspapers.
Day care home, or residential facility is another way to handle short-term respite care. Loved ones who are mobile can be taken to these facilities to receive short term care such as being able to socialize peer of the same age, participation in music programs, or arts and crafts. Exercising is usually offered and meals or snacks provided.
Respite care is often defined by the needs of the person being cared for. If the individual has some extensive medical needs than in-home respite care or adult day care is usually not going to be appropriate. Individuals who need medical assistance can usually achieve respite care from nursing homes or hospitals. Sometimes hospices offer respite care for the terminally ill who are living at home.
Respite programs are set-up based on the needs of the primary caregiver, the needs of the individual needing care and also on the needs of the other family members. Sometimes the respite programs are available based on mobility of the individual being cared for or the service needs that they have.
If someone is in need of companionship only then a neighbor, other family member or a community volunteer can be asked to come over and sit with the individual while the primary caregiver takes a break.
A good respite program looks at the needs of the caregiver in regards to time, ability to pay, and length of respite time needed. A good respite program also looks at the needs of the individual requiring care so that social, medical, physical, emotional and mental needs are met. The respite environment needs to be clean, safe and attractive.