Males who are aware of testicular cancer may be concerned about what to look out for when doing self-examinations. They often wonder what exactly are the symptoms of testicular cancer? Here are some simple facts that may help to determine what are the symptoms and when to be concerned.
It is important to understand that just having symptoms described in this article is not to say that you do for sure have testicular cancer. Having symptoms only means that you should have a doctor examine you to make a diagnosis. The symptoms that are typical of testicular cancer can also be symptoms for other conditions.
Other conditions that may have symptoms similar to testicular cancer are: Torsion of the testicle (twisted testicle), an injury to the testicle, and an infection in the testicle, a testicle can become enlarged when fluid collects around it, called hydrocele. Another condition is called varicocele, which can mimic the same symptoms that are seen in testicular cancer.
An inguinal hernia, and an epididymal cyst and even kidney stones can also mimic the same symptoms as testicular cancer. It is important to have a doctor examine you if you should recognize any of the following symptoms.
Lumps Most Common
The symptom that is the most commonly experienced by males with testicular cancer is that of a painless lump on one of the testicles. The lump may be uncomfortable, or it may be painless. It is very rare to feel severe pain with a testicular lump. The testicle could be swollen when there is a lump present or it may be swollen when there is no lump present. Males have also reported having an aching or a heavy feeling in the lower abdomen or in the scrotum area.
Males need to be aware that the eipididymis does feel like a small bump on the upper or in the middle of the outer side of the testicle. The normal male testicle also contains blood vessels, and other supporting tissues as well as the tubes that conduct sperm vas deferens that may also feel bumpy.
Males have confused these normal structures with possible abnormal lumps and are relieved to discover that what they feel is normal testicle structures. If in doubt at all about what you are feeling during a self-exam you should report what you find to your doctor.
After reporting your finding to your doctor, you may be asked to undergo an ultrasound test. The ultrasound is painless and allows the doctor to discover if there is a tumor present.
Different types of testicular cancer will have different symptoms. If you have germ cell tumors that are the most common type of testicular cancer you may experience breasts that become larger and also may have become tender. Another common type of testicular cancer is called, “Leydig cell tumor”. This tumor will produce male sex hormones or female sex hormones. Symptoms could be loss of sexual desire, or breast growth. Young males can experience hair growth sooner than is normal.