Oat cell lung cancer is one of the types of pulmonary neoplasms that are common in persons who have smoking habits or in persons who frequent the room full of smokers as happens with persons working in smoking permitted zones of bars. Because of the specific type of microscopic structure, this name has been fixed for this cancer. Perhaps, oat cell lung cancer is being considered as one of the malignant type of cancer that spreads rapidly to other organs like liver, kidney, bones especially the mandible and even nasal bones in the affected patients.
Since oat cell lung cancer is of harmful in nature, the oncologist pays additional emphasis, whenever these types of microscopic structures are encountered during microscopic analysis. In fact, certain well-reputed cancer hospitals send the concerned clinical samples to the specific pathologists for the detailed cellular study and confirmation, in addition to examination under electron microscope.
The oat cell lung cancer will cause pathogenesis depending on the immunity level and however, the spread may occur often in any time and hence, more clinical cautions are given to the patients affected with this type of cancer.
Metastatic lung caner is the form of cancer that has spread to the lungs from other parts of the body. In a Metastatic lung cancer the cancer in other parts like breast, colon, prostrate, and bladder spread to the lungs through the bloodstream and form cancerous growth in the lungs. This type of cancer in the lungs is called the Metastatic lung cancer. Thus a cancer that has spread to the lungs is said to have metastasized to the lungs. The symptoms of such lung cancer are cough, bloody sputum, and shortness of breath, rib cage pain, weight loss and weakness. There are many methods available to diagnose a cancer.
Chest X-Ray, Chest CT Scan, cytology studies of pleural fluid or sputum, lung needle biopsy, surgical lung biopsy, and bronchoscopy are the methods available for diagnosis of metastatic lung cancer. Among them the chest X-ray is the most commonly performed method to detect cancer. The procedure involves taking X-rays from back to the front and also on the sides. For detecting Metastatic cancer the CT scan is used.
To find out the extent of the Metastatic cancer in the brain a CT scan is the best tool. This reveals the presence of the Metastatic cancer in the brain. Other areas like liver and adrenal glands can also be scanned with the CT scan. In some cases the lung cancer would have metastasized to the bones. In such cases a Bone scan is done to determine that. The procedure for bone scan involves injection of radioactive material to the bloodstream. This radioactive material collects in the bones in the areas where Metastatic tumors are present. The scanner detects these radioactive materials and the image is recorded. A blood test may also reveal the presence of Metastatic cancer in the bones, if an increased level of calcium or alkaline phosphatase is found. Similarly an increase level of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase indicates the presence of Metastatic cancer in the liver.
Lung cancer research is one of the challenging fields for research personnel related with not only human beings but also the animals. The field of lung cancer research is a highly welcome and immediately required one, because of the increase in the incidences of lung cancer, when compared to the earlier periods.
One of the perplexing feature in the field of lung cancer research is that what ever be the chemotherapy either alone or in combination with more medicaments, the research methodologies fail to make complete recovery of the patient, especially if the patient has lung cancer that reflects metastasis in which the cancerous cells get firmly established in other organs like hepatic structures, renal tissues, cardiac areas, bones etc.
The features pertaining to the lung cancer research as on today tend to apply multiple therapeutic approaches for tackling the cancer in lungs. One such research approach is related to the usage of gene therapy, in which case attempts are being made to identify the genetic linkage with pathogenesis and thereby to cause gene repair or gene modulation therapy using advanced genetic approaches.
Lung cancer is one of the dreadful diseases prevailing among the human population around the world. It is easy for an individual to get cured once the disease has been detected at the earliest possible time. But the occurrence of early symptom of lung cancer is questionable. When symptoms occur, the cancer is often advanced. The first and foremost early symptom of lung cancer is coughing up blood or haemoptysis.
As we discussed above, the early symptom of lung cancer is haemoptysis (coughing up blood). You should consider this early symptom of lung cancer as a warning sign of a cancer, which might be curable. In case if you come across blood during coughing up, you should immediately contact your GP for getting necessary advice, particularly if you are a person above 400 years with smoking habit. Sometimes the early symptom of lung cancer may be due to the effects of secondary tumor somewhere else in the body.
The common early symptoms of lung cancer are: –
Persistent pain in the chest or elsewhere, (possibly from the cancer spreading to a bone). Excessive fatigue. Worsening breathlessness. Chronic cough. Weight loss &loss of appetite Hoarseness Wheezing Pyrexia of unknown origin
Chemotherapy for lung cancer is the therapy designed according to the symptoms, type of the cancerous stage, age of the patient, time of approach of the affected patient to the cancer specialist etc. In general both the attending physician and the patient should be aware of baseline technical information on the kind of chemotherapy for lung cancer now proposed.
Toxicity during chemotherapy for lung cancer
Toxicity due to the prolonged administration of chemotherapy has been documented in cancer hospitals of various countries and however, due to the open meetings in person or internet based forum or informative boards maintained in the web, the patients may attempt to acquire additional knowledge on these toxic effects that are likely to happen in them during their undergoing of chemotherapy for lung cancer.
Chemotherapy may include anti-cancerous drugs often in combination like cisplatin, which is often given by intra-venous route in patients with lung cancer. However, it is to be understood that the effects of chemotherapy for lung cancer depends more specifically on type of lung cancer and extent of itÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s spread. If metastasis is encountered extensively in organs like liver, kidney, bone etc. or if it is a small cell lung cancer, then the chemotherapy for lung cancer may not be much successful but however, one has to alleviate the signs of pain in the patient by the lung cancer and hence, along with combination chemotherapy for lung cancer, supportive therapy is also required.
Lung cancer prognosis means the procedure of prediction of final result of the cancer affecting the lung and in nutshell, it is quoted as the term that indicates the outcome of the disease and the outcome of any disease may be a favorable outcome or unfavorable outcome. Generally, it can be said that prognosis will be poor if the primary lung cancerous cells have invaded other organs like bones, liver, kidney etc.
Experienced clinician and lung cancer prognosis
When compared to the routine physician, the physician who has additional and current knowledge of oncology will be an informed person to deliver information on lung cancer prognosis. Before delivering the lung cancer prognosis, the cancer specialist will attempt to decide on whether the patient is suffering form primary lung cancer or secondary lung caner. Whenever possible, taking all precautions, endoscopic biopsy techniques may be applied in the pulmonary regions and histopathologic investigation is carried out, subsequently with these samples. This is done in order to make confirmation on the nature of cancer and by this, in most of the occasions, it becomes possible to find out whether the cancer is of a benign one or a malignant one.
New or recurring symptoms should be reported to the doctor immediately so any problems can be dealt with promptly.
Some treatments for lung cancer can have adverse effects that may last for a long time. Taking appropriate steps to prevent them or shorten the length of time they last is always a sensible option.
Statistics can paint an overall picture of any type of disease, but everyone has their own coping mechanism whether it’s their faith, strong family ties or even just good nutrition or a healthy immune system.
Anyone being treated for cancer needs to be conscious of the battle raging in their body. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy despite helping cure the disease, adds to the fatigue caused by the illness itself.
Doing as much for themselves helps those undergoing treatment stay healthy and active. Even after a lung cancer diagnosis is made, it’s still important for instance to stop smoking. A Cancer diagnosis and its treatment are major life challenges, with an affect on everyone.
Providing Emotional Support to Someone Suffering With Lung Cancer
Living with a serious disease such as cancer can be very demanding. Besides having to cope with physical and medical challenges, individuals with cancer obviously face many doubts, feelings, and concerns that can make life difficult for not only them, but those around them.
The side effects of aggressive lung cancer treatment can often be worse than the illness itself. The response of each person also depends on the type of treatment given and is very often different for each individual. Side effects are usually only temporary, and the best way of dealing with them is to treat the symptoms as they occur.
Surgery Related Side Effects
Surgery for lung cancer is a major process and problems include Air and fluid collecting in the chest. Patients usually need help coughing, breathing deeply and turning themselves over to drain their chest. Pain and weakness in the chest, side and arm (On the affected side) Shortness of breath Patients usually need several weeks or months to get back to their usual strength and fitness levels. (Very often this is never achieved).
Side Effects of Chemotherapy
The problem with Chemotherapy is it affects normal cells as well as the cancerous cells. The side effects of chemotherapy depend largely on specific drugs and the amount of drug given. Common side effects of chemotherapy are