Ketones are acids that build up in your blood supply and are a warning sign you’re your diabetes is not under control. It shows up in urine when you are not getting the needed amount of insulin. Ketones poison your body and ketoacidosis is the result of too many ketones in your urine. Ketoacidosis is both dangerous and life threatening.

This complication rarely happens in people with Type 2 diabetes, but does pose a serious problem for those who have Type 1 diabetes. Patients with Type 2 diabetes are threatened with a similar condition called hyperosmolar nonketotic coma. This complication usually appears in elderly diabetes patients. Ketoacidosis can result in a diabetic coma or death. If you have Type 1 diabetes, it is important you know what warning signs to watch for. This complication normally develops slowly but if you are vomiting, it can develop faster. Here are some of the symptoms.

    • A dry mouth or extreme thirst
    • Urinating more than usual
    • High levels of ketones in the urine
    • High levels of blood glucose

Once these symptoms appear, they progress to other more serious symptoms. Those symptoms are:

    • Flushed and dry skin

Diabetes Symptoms

For Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, there are many signs in common. Fatigue is one cause for worry. Fatigue indicates that the body is not using glucose for fuel efficiently. The body will switch over to burning the fat in the body as its fuel source. This causes the body to use more energy and the result is continuous tiredness.

If you experience unexplained weight loss, even though you are eating the right amounts of food, and even more, you may not be processing the calories. You are also losing sugar and water by frequent urination. Dehydration also leads to weight loss. Excessive thirst occurs when there are high blood sugar levels in the blood. It signals the brain there is too much sugar in the blood and the body tries to dilute it. This will make you constantly feel thirsty.


Another way to rid the body of excess blood sugar is through frequent urination. Sugar carries water with it as it is flushed out of the body. The body gets confused and tries to produce more insulin when the body has become resistant to it. When the body has high insulin levels, the body thinks it needs to stimulate hunger. You may be eating more, but not gaining weight, and could even lose weight.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring

Continuous glucose monitoring is giving hope to thousands of diabetics today. New experimental technology is now available that checks a diabetic’s blood sugar and lets them know if it falls to a dangerous low. Researchers have been looking for something like this gadget for years. Monitoring devices are now coming on the market and by late summer 2006 will be available in the United States.

Hope for A Brighter Future

Although the monitors are not as accurate as blood tests, researchers are hoping that within a couple of years it will allow a diabetic to forgo sticking their finger to test for blood glucose levels. If the monitor signals that blood sugar levels are low, it is necessary to take a blood test for confirmation. The monitors are also slow to show rapid changes that occur, especially when you exercise. This monitor is working to make finger lances outdated for all diabetics.

Side Effects

Those who have used the monitors report little discomfort. A patch worn on the abdomen may hurt when it goes on because there is a tiny wire placed under the skin to measure the glucose in cell fluid. Once the patch is on, it is comfortable to wear and sends information to a receiver. The receiver is about the size of a cell phone. A patch can be worn for several days before changing.

Diabetes Complications

A subtle disease which can often remain undetected for many years, diabetes can cause serious complications. These can include blindness, cataracts, thrombosis, and nephropathy. To avoid these consequences, many treatments can and should be given which help to give the chance of a normal life to any person who suffers from this condition.

Some other side effects of diabetes include tiredness, nausea and palpitations. However the most frequent side effects for the diabetic person are hypoglycemia, and hyperglycemia which are serious conditions which can cause the diabetic person to fall into a coma.

Long Term Effects

Over the long term, more serious diabetes complications include infarction, blindness, amputation and renal diseases. However there are many treatments nowadays which allow a diabetic to lead a healthy life. Those people with diabetes should be encouraged to use these treatments and seek medical advice as soon as they suspect anything is wrong.

Before the discovery of insulin, type 1 diabetes was fatal. Now with the advent of insulin and other remedies those people with type 1 diabetes can live a long and fulfilling life.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs during the time of pregnancy. Changing hormones and weight gain makes it hard for the body to keep up with insulin needs. In the past, it has been seen as a disease that wasn’t damaging and usually disappeared after the birth of the baby. However, now it is considered a warning sign for both the mother and the baby of metabolic changes that may affect them for life.


Why does gestational diabetes occur? The placenta secretes a hormone that acts against the affect of insulin on blood sugar. Women who have a history of diabetes in the family are more sensitive to this hormone. Mothers who have experienced gestational diabetes should research and be aware of what the symptoms of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are and be aware of the steps to take to avoid or delay this disease.

About 200,000 women develop gestational diabetes each year in the United States. The statistics are that five to ten percent of women will continue with Type 2 diabetes after the birth of the baby. Twenty to fifty percent may develop Type 2 diabetes later in life. Children of mothers with gestational diabetes are more at risk for obesity and developing diabetes as teens or adults.

Type 2 Diabetes

When the body does not respond properly to insulin, Type 2 Diabetes results.

The majority of people with diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes. (Also known as Mature Onset Diabetes) This form of diabetes usually occurs in people aged over 30 years, but it can occur in overweight teenagers and even young children with a family history of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes is a rapidly increasing problem in the “western world”, which if unchecked will lead to massive healthcare burdens.


People with Type 2 Diabetes are more likely to be overweight and carry excess weight around the waist and also have high blood pressure. They are also more likely to have raised cholesterol levels and face a significantly higher risk for heart disease, stroke, and other serious health complications.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes develops when the pancreas stops producing insulin. Insulin injections are necessary to treat Type 1 Diabetes. (Also known as Juvenile Onset Diabetes)

Type 1 Diabetes occurs in about 10-15% of all cases of diabetes. It usually occurs in people under the age of 30, but can happen at any age.

Type 1 Diabetes occurs when the body’s own immune system attacks and destroys the islet cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, and, since these cells produce insulin, this attach reduces the level of insulin in the blood. Diabetes develops when there is too much glucose in the blood. Or, to be more precise, diabetes occurs when the body is unable to regulate the level of glucose in the blood, resulting in too much glucose being present.

This process may take several years, and it is thought that a virus or chemical may trigger the attack by the immune system in people who have a particular genetic make-up. Only a small number of people carry the genes that leave them liable to developing Type 1 Diabetes.

For sufferers of Type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas no longer makes insulin and therefore the glucose in the blood can no longer enter the muscle or be used by cells in the body. The consequence of this is a rapid build-up of glucose in the blood stream.

Definition of Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition whereby the body is not able to regulate levels of glucose (a sugar) in the blood, resulting in too much glucose being present in the blood.

The word Diabetes was coined by Aretaeus (81133 CE) of Cappadocia. The word is derived from the Greek diabanein, which literally means “passing through” or “siphon”, a reference to one of the main symptoms of Diabetes – excessive urine discharge.

    Glucose is the main sugar that comes from the digestion of the foods that we eat and the liquids that we drink. For example, breads, cereals, dairy foods (such as milk), fruits, and some vegetables that contain carbohydrate in the forms of starches and sugars. When eaten, these are broken down in our digestive tract and absorbed into the blood stream as glucose.