Children exhibit one of three main types of ADD. And although ADD in children seems to exist worldwide, at least in the countries tested thus far, boys have been found to be afflicted with ADD more than girls, 3:1. The three main types with the symptoms of each are:
ADHD predominately inattentive type: (AD/HD-I)5
The sufferer: -Lacks attention to details, makes careless mistakes. – Has difficulty with lengthy attention span. – Does not seem to listen. – Struggles with instructions. – Struggles with organization. – Prefers not to use sustained mental effort. – Misplaces items. – Can be easily distracted. – Can be forgetful during everyday activities.
The sufferer: – Exhibits nervousness movements with hands or feet, twists in chair. – Does not stay seated for long. – Is in higher gear, running or climbs a lot. – Has a tough time handling quiet activities. – Talks a lot. – Rushes to reply to questions before theyÃ¢â‚¬â„¢re finished being asked. – Is impatient. – Interrupts others.
ADHD combined type: (AD/HD-C)5
The sufferer: – Meets criteria from both sets above.
– Fail to give close attention to details – Make negligent mistakes at work – Fidget with hands or feet, twist about in seat – Have difficulty with attention span during tasks and activities – Are unable to remain seated in situations where seating is expected – DonÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t appear to listen when spoken to directly – Feel unable to relax – Have difficulty following instructions, often failing to finish work – Express difficulty with quiet participation in leisure activities – Suffer difficulties with organizational skills and activities – Feel energized; i.e. Ã¢â‚¬Å“on the goÃ¢â‚¬Â or Ã¢â‚¬Å“motor-drivenÃ¢â‚¬Â – DonÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t like engaging in lengthy mental effort; i.e. they prefer NOT to engage in anything that asks for sustained mental effort – Talk a lot (an inordinate amount of time) – Lose necessary items for tasks and activities – Rush to supply answers before questions are completed – Become distracted easily – Tend to be impatient
Since the concept that ADD occurs in adults is a fairly new concept over the past decade or so, much more information is available about ADD in children at this time. However, in a nutshell, as an adult, ADD has matured into a chronic neurobiological disorder, displaying three main traits: impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention. Although there is yet a positively identified determined set of factors, by they genetic, biological or physiological, that cause a person to become afflicted with ADD, fingers point to biological and heredity factors as playing major roles.
Cases in which heredity has been ruled out point to the following contributing factors: alcohol and tobacco exposure during fetal development, extremely high levels of lead in the body, birth weight recorded low, difficulties with birth and/or premature delivery, and postnatal injury to the prefrontal brain areas.
ADD is a neurobiological disorder that is often seen in others as a hyperactive, impulsive state; i.e. not being able to sit still or pay attention for long periods of time, overactive like Ã¢â‚¬Å“bouncing off wallsÃ¢â‚¬Â and jumping in with inappropriate comments and behaviors sporadically. And this hyperactivity and impulsiveness occurs about anywhere and everywhere, creating obstacles or often hindering day-to-day activities; work, school, social activities, family life, etc.
Just what IS ADD? Researchers believe that ADD is most probably caused by genetically based biological factors influencing neurotransmitter activity in areas of the brain. In some tests, people with ADD used lower levels of glucose in brain areas dealing with controlling attention and inhibiting impulses, meaning less activity. So a cause-and-effect approach ponders whether lower activity levels might contribute to some ADD symptoms.
What is known, though, is that ADD does appear across family lines. In short, indications suggest itÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s hereditary, a possible genetic predisposition within members of the same family. For example, research shows that when a person is diagnosed with ADD, the odds are 25 percent to 35 percent that another family member also has ADD. Compared to the rest of the general public, there is a less than 6 percent chance of someone else having the disorder.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), the generic term for all types of the “official” clinical diagnosis called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), affects nearly 4 percent to 6 percent of the U.S. population, according to the Attention Deficit Disorder Association.
An estimated 2 million children in the United States, or some 3 percent to 5 percent of children suffer from ADHD. In short, out of a classroom with about 28 children, the odds are that at least one will have ADHD. The disorder doesnÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t stop there, though.
Adults also suffer from the disorder. In fact anywhere from 50 percent to 66 percent of children with ADHD continue on into their adult lives with ADHD issues to face on their jobs and in their relationships.
Medopedia.com contains information about ADD /ADHD along with a variety of solutions available to help with treatment and coping, based upon the most recent studies, research, reports, articles, findings products and services available, so that you can learn more ADD/ ADHD health care.
For example, myth or truth? No one can accurately diagnose ADD / ADHD either in children or adults. This is not true. The fact is that although there is not yet a definitive medical test for diagnosing ADHD, there are distinct methods for gathering information and specific diagnostic criteria for assessing both children and adults listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), published in 1995 by the American Psychiatric Association. And ADD / ADHD treatment and coping options available today can actually be a blend of several factors that weÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ll discuss here.
Most chronic back pain is the result of activities that have an adverse effect, such as lifting heavy objects improperly or simply sitting in a chair for long periods with bad posture. Changing our habits, therefore, can have a significant impact. Below are some of the most commonly advised physical measures to take. As always, see a physician or other qualified professional for assistance in deciding what is best for you.
1.Weight loss: approximately 67 percent of Americans are overweight. These extra pounds put pressure on the back and strain both back and abdominal muscles, which can weaken these muscles and compound the problem.
2.Improve Posture: Bad posture means your body is out of balance. When it comes to your back this means that only a small number of muscles and joints are doing most of the work. Proper posture will spread out the task and relieve the intense pressure on small areas of the back.
3.Exercise: A good exercise program, designed by a professional, will strengthen muscles in your back, keep them limber, and increase endurance. Though our instincts may tell us to rest until the pain passes, the proper exercise can be an effective means of pain relief or reduction.
Psychological approaches are best for chronic pain where a specific physical cause has not been identified or, when it has, is used in conjunction with a sensible course of medical treatment. The strategies used generally fall into four categories, with plenty of room for overlap and the use of more than one technique at a time. These categories are: relaxation, imagery, hypnosis, and biofeedback. Though it is best to seek the advice of experts to ascertain what, or what combination, is best for you, below are examples of some things you can do on your own in the effort to cope with chronic back pain.
1.Splitting: Separate your experience of pain from the pain itself. If the pain is throbbing, for example, focus on the throb and not the hurt. Another variation is to separate the painful body part (your back) from the rest of your body.
2.Numbing: Imagine an injection of a powerful medicine that numbs the area of your back that hurts.
3.Projection: Imagine yourself at a time in the past or future where you are free of pain. A pain-free location, like a favorite vacation spot, may also work.
A wide range of drugs are available for the treatment of chronic pain. Most commonly used are aspirin, acetaminophen, and the anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen. Then there are the more powerful narcotic analgesics, such as morphine and codeine.
People respond to these differently and there is no one medication that is right for everybody. Only a physician who knows your medical history and what other medications you might be taking is truly qualified to make the best recommendation for you.
And, after beginning to take one, it is important to keep your physician updated on their effectiveness, not only if they are working or not, but also about any side effects you might experience.
Do not fall into the trap of thinking that a lack of effectiveness or the experience of side effects are things that must be tolerated without question. Many different drugs are available and improvements in pharmacology bring us more and better alternatives as time goes one. Regular contact with a physician is necessary to make sure the course of medication one is on is indeed the best available.