Drug therapy is available for people with a BMI 30 or over with no medical conditions or for people with a BMI of over 27 with two or more obesity-related conditions. Like surgery, drugs do not the place of a regular diet and exercise program.
With regards to other medical solutions, there are three most commonly prescribed FDA-approved weight-loss medications. They are Orlistat, Sibutramine, and Phentermine.
Orlistat – Orlistat is a fat-blocker. It blocks about 30 percent of dietary fat from being absorbed in the body. This undigested fat is removed from the body in bowel movements. Patients usually take one capsule three times a day with each meal. Side effects include oily bowel movements, stomach pain, increased number of bowel movements, and irregular menstrual periods.
Sibutramine – Sibutramine is an appetite suppressant. People normally take it once a day with or without food. It is approved for long-term use, but it can be habit-forming. Side effects include headache, constipation, insomnia, mood changes, and stomach pain.
Phentermine – Phentermine is also an appetite suppressant. People usually take it one single dose in the morning or three times a day 30 minutes before meals. Phentermine is not prescribed for long-term use and is usually only prescribed for three to six weeks. It can be habit-forming. Side effects of phentermine include dry mouth, unpleasant taste, diarrhea, constipation, and vomiting.
Other Non-Surgical Options for Weight Loss
For those lacking insurance, weight loss surgery can easily cost over $25,000. True, insurance companies are beginning to acknowledge these surgeries as preventative to other diseases and are staring to pay. But weight loss surgery is no quick fix. It can take the average patient anywhere from two to four years to lose the desired weight. Also, these types of surgeries can be risky. Patients that suffer from several diseases and illnesses are not considered good candidate for the surgery.
Typically, one modality of weight loss management it not enough. It may take two or three different methods combined to help or make a difference. The most common way to lose weight non-surgically is to combine healthy eating with a daily regimen of exercise.
A professional can help a person seeking weight loss help in preparing and shopping for the right kinds of foods. Portion control is also a good way to learn how to eat. Average portions are much smaller than many people think. Reducing the amount of calories can help with weight loss
People who take vitamin supplements daily often undergo weight loss as well. Replacing lost vitamins and minerals in the body may help boost metabolism levels in the body, which can give a person increased energy to exercise and go about daily routines.