Lung cancer prognosis means the procedure of prediction of final result of the cancer affecting the lung and in nutshell, it is quoted as the term that indicates the outcome of the disease and the outcome of any disease may be a favorable outcome or unfavorable outcome. Generally, it can be said that prognosis will be poor if the primary lung cancerous cells have invaded other organs like bones, liver, kidney etc.
Experienced clinician and lung cancer prognosis
When compared to the routine physician, the physician who has additional and current knowledge of oncology will be an informed person to deliver information on lung cancer prognosis. Before delivering the lung cancer prognosis, the cancer specialist will attempt to decide on whether the patient is suffering form primary lung cancer or secondary lung caner.
Whenever possible, taking all precautions, endoscopic biopsy techniques may be applied in the pulmonary regions and histopathologic investigation is carried out, subsequently with these samples. This is done in order to make confirmation on the nature of cancer and by this, in most of the occasions, it becomes possible to find out whether the cancer is of a benign one or a malignant one.
The lung cancer prognosis may also be discussed with multiple medical experts in order to achieve more knowledge on the signs pertaining to the lung cancer that determine the prognosis of the lung cancer in the affected patients. However, one has to be open during the inter actions with the usual thoracic specialist who is routinely consulted in such problems and the patient need not hide or hesitate to clarify the technical doubts that arise in his mind on lung cancer and its prognosis.
An experienced specialist perhaps will be happy to find that the patient is evincing keen interest in the prognosis and hence, he can be of sure that the concerned patient will definitely follow the medical suggestions delivered from time to time.
Factors associated with lung cancer prognosis
Many factors are to be taken into criteria for the assessment of the proper outcome of the existing cancer problem. Familial occurrence as proved by the history of occurrence of such cancerous growths in pulmonary areas, gender of the patient, the clinical pathology related parameters like examination of sputum for the presence of cancerous cells, particularly in case of lung cancers accompanied by invasion into air passages, results of radiographic investigations are generally considered as significant criteria for lung cancer prognosis.
If the specialist suspects the bone involvement, the lung cancer prognosis may be given based on specific estimation of minerals like calcium in serum, in addition to estimation of serum alkaline phosphatase. Lung cancer prognosis is poor particularly in the patients with extension of pulmonary cancer into bones.
Similarly, if the lung cancer is suspected to have secondary affection in organs like liver, then the medical expert revealing lung cancer prognosis will attempt to find out the serum levels of aspartate amino transferase and alanine amino transferase, in addition to the serum level of total proteins and serum albumin. In short, if metastases are encountered in patients affected by pulmonary cancer, the lung cancer prognosis will be unfavorable.
Top Image: National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health. Lung cancer driven by the Kras oncogene (in purple).