Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is when blood pressure dips below the average and/or dips dangerously low to the point where it can cause health concerns for the individual. Some people just naturally have lower blood pressure than other people and it is not a problem unless the person suffers symptoms from it that can interfere with normal functioning.
The most common symptoms of low blood pressure are being lightheaded or a feeling of dizziness, fainting, excessive sweating, and heart palpitations (which is sometimes called an abnormal heartbeat).
Know the Causes
Treatment for low blood pressure can be undertaken only if the cause of it can be determined. Once the case is identified then the treatment for low blood pressure can be put into effect.
Often medications that are used to treat a case of high blood pressure work too well and can bring on low blood pressure in a patient. Often if this is to blame, the treatment for low blood pressure consists of either stopping completely or else decreasing the amount of medication that is being taken for high blood pressure.
Treatment for low blood pressure might also involve infections that have gone undetected in the body. Putting the patient on an antibiotic to get rid of the infection can also be treatment for low blood pressure that proves successful.
There are some medications such as the sedative diazepam and also amitriptyline which are both prescribed for patients suffering from depression, that can cause low blood pressure to occur in some individuals. In these cases, treatment for low blood pressure must be either a smaller dosage or else trying another type of drug. Often when the cause is identified and removed, the low blood pressure problem goes away as well.
Dehydration sometimes brings on low blood pressure in some people. Dehydration can be due to simply not taking in enough fluids, or bouts of vomiting or diarrhea (especially common when children or adults are suffering with the flu or food poisoning).
The treatment for low blood pressure if dehydration is to blame is to get as many fluids into the person as possible, as quickly as possible. Dehydrated people are often very weak and sometimes dehydration can even cause hallucinations to take place.
Treatment for low blood pressure, especially when it is dangerously below the norm, is geared as getting the blood pressure back to a normal rate as fast and as effectively as possible without any further damage taking place. The worst-case scenario as far as low blood pressure is concerned is that it can bring about organ damage due to a lack of blood getting through to nourish the organs.
If a person has been rendered unconscious then the treatment for low blood pressure involves both medication and fluids being directed into the patients bloodstream by way of an intravenous line. In serious cases, this can be the difference between life and death for a patient with severe low blood pressure.