Hemorrhoids And Bowel Disorders

Hemorrhoids And Bowel Disorders mainly refer to disorders in the lower sections of the digestive system, in other words, the Large Intestine (also called the Colon and Bowel), Rectum, and Anus. These organs are essential to digestion, and any loss of function of these organs can have very serious health consequences.

Hemorrhoids And Bowel Disorders include the following conditions:

Anal Fissures

Small tears in the lining or opening of the anal canal that can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort, and some bleeding. They tend to occur fairly commonly in infants aged 6 to 24 months and they may occur in older children and adults as a result of passing hard or large stools during bowel movements. Most anal fissures heal without requiring any treatment, others require creams or suppositories to provide relief as they heal.

Anal Itching

Also called Pruritus Ani, this is an intense itching of the anus and/or the skin around the anus, which produces a strong urge to scratch that can cause discomfort and embarrassment. The condition can be caused by many factors and moisture, clothing abrasion, and the pressure of sitting can aggravate the itching. The itching is often worst at night and right after bowel movements. Anal Itching is a common problem that is easily cured with proper treatment.

Appendicitis

Occurs when the appendix becomes inflamed and filled with pus, causing a great deal of pain around the navel or lower right abdomen. The Appendix is a finger-shaped organ on the lower right side of the abdomen that projects outwards from the Colon. The Appendix performs no known essential functions, but it can still cause problems. If left untreated, Appendicitis is potentially fatal. Surgery is standard treatment.

Collagenous Colitis

Also known as Lymphocytic Colitis or Microscopic Colitis, these are rare inflammations of the Colon that cause chronic watery diarrhea that are more common in the elderly. Treatment involves a combination of dietary and lifestyle changes and medications. In rare cases, surgery may be required.

Colon Polyps

Small clumps of cells that forms on the Colon lining, and are believed to occur in about one in three adults. In the vast majority of cases, the polyps are harmless, but in some cases then can become cancerous. Colon polyps may cause no symptoms, or they may cause rectal bleeding, bowel movement changes, and abdominal pain. The risks of developing polyps are higher for older people, the overweight, smokers, those who eat a high-fat / low-fiber diet, and those who have a family history of Colon polyps or Colon cancer.

Constipation

A condition that involves bowel movements that are less frequent than normal, passing hard stools, and straining during bowel movements. If you pass dry, hard stools less than three times a week, then you are probably constipated. Other symptoms may be feelings of being bloated, sluggish, discomfort, and/or pain. In almost all cases, all that is required to treat constipation are simple lifestyle changes, such as getting more exercise, eating high-fiber foods, and drinking plenty of water.

Crohn’s Disease

An Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) which occurs when the digestive tract lining becomes inflamed, causing severe diarrhea, potentially debilitating abdominal pain, and may cause life-threatening complications. There is no known cure for Crohn’s Disease, but there are therapies that can significantly reduce the symptoms.

Diarrhea

A common digestive disorder that occurs when stools become very loose and watery, causing abdominal pain, frequent trips to the toilet, and larger volumes of stool. Various factors can cause Diarrhea, including poor absorption of nutrients (malabsorption), infections from viruses, bacteria, and parasites, medications, such as antibiotics, and artificial sweeteners. Diarrhea can also occur as an effect of some other medical condition, such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) or some other Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Chronic Diarrhea occurs when the condition is severe and lasts longer than four weeks. Diarrhea can cause the loss of significant or even dangerous and life threatening amounts of water and salts. A range of medications can successfully treat the condition.

Diverticulitis

Develops from another condition called Diverticulosis, a condition that is common in people aged over 40, and causes small, bulging pouches (called diverticula) somewhere along the digestive tract. In most cases, these pouches cause no problems, but in some cases one or more of the pouches can become inflamed or infected, causing severe abdominal pain, fever, nausea, and a marked change in bowel habits.

When diverticula become infected, the condition is called Diverticulitis. In most cases of Diverticulitis can be treated with rest, changes in your diet (eating more fiber), and antibiotics. However, in serious cases, surgery may be required.

Encopresis

Also called Stool Holding, this occurs when a child resists having bowel movements or is chronically constipated, causing compressed stool to collect in the Colon and rectum.

When the Colon is full of impacted stool, liquid stool can leak around the stool and out of the anus, causing underwear staining. Treatment involves clearing the Colon of impacted stool and following self-care measures (healthy diet, plenty of water, etc) to ensure regular bowel movements.

Fecal Incontinence

A fairly common condition that occurs when a person loses their ability to control their bowel movements, causing feces and gas to leak from their rectum at unwanted times. Severity of the condition can range from occasional leakage to complete loss of bowel control.

The condition can be caused by constipation, diarrhea, muscle or nerve damage (e.g. following childbirth), or an anal sphincter weakened with age. The embarrassment caused by this condition can cause a person to stay at home and withdraw from social events because they are afraid of an accident. Many treatments are available to improve or cure the condition.

Hemorrhoids

A fairly common condition that occurs when veins in the anus and rectum become swollen and inflamed, resulting in itching, bleeding, and pain. The condition is caused by various factors, such as straining during bowel movements or increased pressure on the veins during pregnancy. In most cases, treatment simply involves self-care and lifestyle changes.

If these are not sufficient, then medications and other treatments are effective.

Hirschsprung’s Disease

A rare condition that affects the large intestine, causing problems with passing stool (constipation) and absorbing nutrients. The condition is congenital. That is, it is present when a baby is born with missing nerve cells in the muscles of a portion of the their Colon. Treatment involves surgical removal of the diseased portion of the Colon.

Intestinal Ischemia

A rare condition which occurs when there is a diminished blood flow to the small intestine, causing pain and other symptoms. The condition may occur suddenly (Acute Intestinal Ischemia) when a blood clot prevents blood flow to the intestines, or it may develop slowly over time (Chronic Intestinal Ischemia).

In severe cases, the condition can cause sections of dead or damaged intestinal tissue, which can be fatal and requires immediate medical care. Treatment options include medications, surgery, or medical procedures to open the arteries.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

IBS is a fairly common disorder that causes abdominal cramping, bloating, gas, diarrhea, and/or constipation. In many cases, IBS can be controlled with diet and lifestyle changes, and by reducing the stress in your life. IBS does not cause intestinal bleeding, permanent damage to the bowel, or cancer, and it does not require surgery, and it won’t shorten your life.

Ischemic Colitis

When part of your large intestine becomes inflamed and injured, causing pain on the left side of the abdomen, reduced blood flow, and impaired intestinal function. In severe cases, the condition can cause ulcers along the lining of the Colon and even become life-threatening. The condition occurs mostly in people over 50 years of age.

Pinworm Infection

The most common type of roundworm infection, where the parasites use the body as a host to allow them to live, lay eggs, grow, and reproduce. In most cases, the parasites cause mild digestive problems or even no symptoms at all. However, if hundreds of worms or more are involved, then serious symptoms and complications can occur. Treatment involves practicing good hygiene and medication.

Proctitis

Inflammation of the lining of the rectum, which can be as a result of a sexually transmitted disease, or inflammatory bowel infections and diseases, such as Ulcerative Colitis. Proctitis can may be a side effect of some medical treatments, including antibiotic usage and radiation therapy.

When sexually transmitted, Proctitis is most common in promiscuous men who engage in anal or oral-anal intercourse. The condition may be short-lived, or it may last for months or longer. Treatment options depend on the cause for the condition.

Pseudomembranous Colitis

Also called Antibiotic-Associated Colitis or C. difficile Colitis, this is an inflammatory condition of the large intestine that sometimes occurs after antibiotic usage, which causes imbalance between “good” and “bad” bacteria in the intestine, allowing the proliferation and spread of harmful bacteria. In severe cases, the condition can cause serious health complications and even be life-threatening.

Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome

A very rare condition where a single ulcer occurs in the rectum, causing rectal bleeding and straining when attempting to pass stool. In mild cases, treatment usually involves simple dietary and fluid intake changes. In more severe cases, medications and even surgery may be required.

Ulcerative Colitis

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) that causes chronic inflammation of the digestive tract, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and potentially debilitating and life-threatening health complications. The condition has no known cure, however a range of therapies are available that can significantly reduce the symptoms and even bring about long-term remission.