An essential oil is a volatile, aromatic liquid compound that is usually extracted from the roots, leaves, flowers, stems, barks, roots, or other aromatic parts of a plant. It is prepared by extracting fragrances using techniques like distillation by steam or water, cold pressing and maceration.
Most of essential oils are clear but there are also tinged in yellow or amber. Essential oils are not the same as perfumes or fragrant oils since the latter do not provide therapeutic treatments like essential oils do.
The aroma and chemical constitution of essential oils offer helpful physical and psychological healing thru inhalation, application, and massage.
Essential oils are amply concentrated and hold the genuine essence of the plant it was drawn from. Just a drop of this oil goes a long way.
Below is a fairly comprehensive list of the many essential oils and their uses:
Allspice use in the treatment and relief of arthritis, rheumatism, muscle tone, indigestion, stiffness, muscular and gastric cramps, nervous tension, depression, nausea, and neuralgia
Amyris has sedative and antiseptic properties
Anise treatment of coughs, colds, bronchitis, flu, and flatulence; relief of muscle aches and rheumatism
Anise, Star treatment of bronchitis, coughing, colds, and flu; relief of colic, rheumatism, indigestion, and cramping
Balsam, Peru treatment of colds, coughing, bronchitis, flu, eczema, chapped skin; relief of rashes, sensitive skin, stress, and poor circulation
Basil treatment of Bronchitis, colds, coughs, exhaustion, flatulence, flu, gout, insect bites, muscle aches, rheumatism, sinusitis; acts as insect repellent
Bay – hair care, dandruff, oily skin, neuralgia, poor circulation; also treatment of sprains and strains
Bay Laurel – relief of amenorrhea and loss of appetite; treatment of flu, colds, and tonsillitis
Benzoin – treatment of coughs, arthritis, laryngitis, and bronchitis; relief of chapped skin and stress
Bergamot treatment of acne, boils, abscesses, cystitis, cold sores, and halitosis; relief of anxiety, depression, itching, stress, loss of appetite, oily skin, and psoriasis
Black Pepper relief of aching muscles, chilblains, arthritis, constipation, muscle cramps, sluggish digestion, and poor circulation
Blue Cypress – relief of arthritis and asthma
Bois-de-Rose treatment of acne, flu, colds, and fever; relief of headache, dry skin, dull skin, oily skin, sensitive skin, scars, stretch marks, and stress
Cajeput – treatment of bronchitis, sinusitis, sore throat, and coughs; relief of muscle aches, asthma, oily skin and rheumatism
Cananga use on Oily skin/hair; relief of anxiety, insect bites, high blood pressure, nervous tension, and stress
Cardamom treatment of appetite loss, colic, and halitosis; relief of fatigue and stress
Carrot Seed treatment of eczema; relief of gout, toxin build-up, mature skin, and water retention
Cassia treatment of cold and flu; relief of indigestion, colic, gas, diarrhea, and rheumatism
Cedarwood, Atlas treatment of acne, bronchitis, coughing, dandruff, cystitis, and dermatitis; relief of arthritis and stress
Cedarwood, Virginian – treatment of acne, bronchitis, cystitis, coughs, dandruff, and dermatitis; relief of arthritis and stress; acts as an insect repellant
Chamomile, German or Roman – treatment of abscesses, boils, colic, cuts, cystitis, dermatitis, earache, flatulence, hair, headache, insomnia, neuralgia, and PMS; relief of rheumatism, sores, sprains, strains, wounds, allergies, arthritis, dysmenorrheal, inflamed skin, insect bites, nausea, and stress
Cinnamon – treatment of lice, low blood pressure, and scabies; relief of constipation, exhaustion, stress, flatulence, and rheumatism
Citronella use for excessive perspiration and oily skin; to relieve fatigue and headache; as an insect repellant
Clary Sage treatment of coughs; relief of Amenorrhea, dysmenorrheal, asthma, exhaustion, labor pains, gas, sore throat, and stress
Clove Bud treatment of bronchitis; relief of asthma, arthritis, rheumatism, toothache, sprains, and strains
Coriander treatment of aches, arthritis, colic, fatigue, grout, indigestion, nausea, and rheumatism
Davana – used as an antiseptic to heal wounds; induces menstruation; relief of anxiety
Dill – relief of amenorrhea, flatulence, and griping pains
Elemi – treatment of bronchitis, catarrh, and extreme coughing; also used for mature skin, scars, stress, and wounds
Eucalyptus – treatment of bronchitis, catarrh, sinusitis, flu, colds, coughing, and fever; relief of arthritis, cold sores, and poor circulation
Fennel – bruises, cellulite, obesity, flatulence, gums, mouth, nausea, halitosis, toxin build-up and water retention
Fir Needle – treatment of bronchitis, flu, colds, coughs, and sinusitis; relief of arthritis, rheumatism, and muscle aches
Frankincense – bronchitis, extreme coughing, asthma, anxiety, stress, stretch marks, and scars
Galbanum – treatment of abscesses, boils, acne, bronchitis, cuts, mature skin, lice, muscle aches, poor circulation, scars, sores, stretch marks, wounds, and rheumatism
Geranium – cellulite, dull skin, acne, lice, menopause, and oily skin.
Ginger – relief of arthritis, nausea, aching muscles, and poor circulation
Grapefruit – toxin build-up, cellulite, dull skin, and water retention.
Gurjum Balsam – used as an antiseptic; for skin inflammation, bronchial infections, anxiety, and colitis
Helichrysum – treatment of abscesses, dermatitis, acne, boils, eczema, burns, cuts, irritated skin, and wounds
Hyssop – sore throat, coughs, and bruises
Immortelle – use on acne, abscesses, boils, dermatitis, burns, cuts, eczema, irritated skin, and wounds
Jasmine – dry skin, sensitive skin, depression, exhaustion, and labor pains
Juniper Berry – used on cellulite, gout, obesity, rheumatism, hemorrhoids, and toxin build-up
Lavender – acne, allergies, asthma, anxiety, athlete’s foot, burns, bruises, chicken pox, colic, cystitis, cuts, dysmenorrheal, depression, dermatitis, earache, flatulence, hypertension, headache, itching, insect bites, insect repellant, labor pains, oily skin, migraines, rheumatism, scars, scabies, sores, sprains, scars, strains, stretch marks, scars, vertigo, and whooping cough.
Lavendin – abscesses, asthma, burns, blisters, boils, cystitis, cuts, dull skin, dry skin, eczema, fatigue, irritated skin, insect bites, lice, muscle aches, shock, scabies, sores, strains, sprains, vertigo, and wounds
Lemon – athlete’s foot, chilblains, corns, colds, dull skin, flu, spots, oily skin, varicose veins, and warts
Lemon Balm – relief of anxiety, depression, migraines, menstrual cramping, asthma, bronchitis, coughs, hypertension, insomnia, eczema, indigestion, and nausea; used as an insect repellent
Lemongrass – acne, athlete’s foot, insect repellent, oily skin, scabies, stress, excessive perspiration, flatulence, and muscle aches
Lime – acne, asthma, dull skin, flu, varicose veins, chilblains, and colds
Linden Blossom – headache, migraine, insomnia, and stress
Mandarin – acne, dull skin, oily skin, scars, insomnia, stress, wrinkles, and age spots
Manuka – acne, athlete’s foot, cold sores, colds, corns, insect bites, itching, ringworm, sinusitis, sores, warts, whooping cough, candida, chicken pox, cuts, flu, migraine, oily skin, and age spots
Marjoram – aching muscles, amenorrhea, colic, coughing, excessive sex drive, flatulence, neuralgia, rheumatism, sprains, ticks, bronchitis, chilblains, hypertension, muscle cramps, strains, and stress
May Chang – acne and indigestion
Mullein – useful as an expectorant and as an anti-inflammatory
Myrrh – amenorrhea, athlete’s foot, dysmenorrheal, gums, halitosis, ringworm, toothache, bronchitis, chapped skin, hemorrhoids, and itching
Myrtle – asthma, coughs, and sore throat.
Neroli – depression, frigidity, scars, shock, stress, insomnia, mature skin, and stretch marks
Niaouli – aches, acne, colds, coughs, flu, oily skin, whooping cough, bronchitis, cuts, dull skin, and sore throat
Nutmeg arthritis, constipation, muscle aches, nausea, poor circulation, rheumatism, fatigue, neuralgia, and slow digestion.
Orange – colds, constipation, flatulence, flu, gums, mouth, stress, dull skin, and slow digestion
Oregano coughs and digestion
Parsley – amenorrhea, arthritis, hair care, cystitis, griping pains, indigestion, toxic build-up, hair care, frigidity, and rheumatism
Patchouli – acne, athlete’s foot, dermatitis, eczema, chapped skin, fatigue, frigidity, insect repellant, mature skin, hair care, oily skin, and stress
Peppermint – asthma, colic, fever, flatulence, nausea, scabies, vertigo, exhaustion, headache, and sinusitis
Petitgrain – acne, oily skin, sinusitis, and stress
Pine, Scotch – colds, coughs, sinusitis, flu, and rheumatism
Rose – depression, eczema, mature skin, menopause, frigidity, and stress
Rosemary – aching muscles, arthritis, dull skin, exhaustion, dandruff, gout, hair care, muscle cramping, poor circulation, rheumatism, and neuralgia
Sage, Spanish – acne, cuts, dermatitis, dandruff, eczema, sweating, hair loss, muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, arthritis, rheumatism, asthma, laryngitis, colds, flu, headaches, coughs, and anxiety
Sandalwood – bronchitis, chapped skin, dry skin, depression, laryngitis, oily skin, leucorrhea, scars, sensitive skin, stretch marks, and stress
Scotch Pine – colds, coughs, flu, rheumatism, and sinusitis
Spearmint – asthma, exhaustion, flatulence, fever, headache, nausea, vertigo, and scabies
Spikenard – rashes and wrinkles
Spruce – coughing and depression
Tagetes – corns and warts
Tea Tree, Common – acne, athlete’s foot, chicken pox, cold sores, candida, colds, corns, flu, insect bites, cuts, itching, migraine, ringworm, sinusitis, oily skin, sores, spots, warts, and whooping cough
Thyme – arthritis, colds, dermatitis, flu, cuts, insect bites, laryngitis, muscle aches, oily skin, lice, poor circulation, sore throat, and scabies
Vanilla – natural skin and hair care formulations
Vetiver – acne, arthritis, depression, exhaustion, cuts, insomnia, muscular aches, rheumatism, sores, stress, and oily skin
Violet Leaf – bronchitis, headache, rheumatism, sluggish circulation, insomnia, sore throat, and stress
Yarrow – fever, hair care, hypertension, indigestion, hemorrhoids, insomnia, migraines, stretch marks, varicose veins, scars, and wounds
Ylang Ylang – anxiety, depression, hypertension, palpitations, frigidity, and stress
Carrier oils are vegetable oils or base oils obtained from the fatty part of a plant, such as the seed, nuts or kernel. Since most essential oils can trigger severe irritation when applied directly to the skin, carrier oils are used to dilute them and reduce their concentration.
Carrier oils make the essential oils tolerable by the skin. They also provide the capability to create various mixtures with different healing qualities. Most carrier oils have a slightly sweet and nutty scent but some are odorless.
If it has a strong and bitter aroma, most probably it has become rancid. Unlike carrier oils, essential oils do not go rancid over time but they oxidize. When this happens, they lose their therapeutic properties.