Diabetes is not just about fluctuations in your blood sugar. This disease can also affect blood circulation and the skin. About 33% of the people with diabetes will have some sort of skin condition. In fact, sores that are slow to heal as well as other wounds are also a sure sign of diabetes if the disease has not been diagnosed. With due diligence, many conditions of the skin that diabetics get can be prevented or treated with ease when caught early.
Many skin conditions that diabetics get, others can get as well. The only problem is that diabetics have more trouble with them. Fungal infections, bacterial infections and even the symptoms like itching and burning are more troublesome because of the circulatory problems.
Bacterial Infections in Diabetics
Diabetics get several different types of bacterial infections and staph is one of them. Cuts can become inflamed and the area can become warm to the touch as well as painful. Boils occur as well as styes and even carbuncles. All of these can be detrimental to a diabetic if their blood sugar is not in control. Luckily, many people with diabetes take careful control of their treatment regime and antibiotics also help in the event of bacterial infections.
Candida is a major contributor to many fungal infections in diabetics. It is a yeast type of fungus and causes rashes in the moist areas of the body like under the breasts, armpits, and fat folds. This rash has scales and blisters and can be very itchy. This type of rash could also be found around the nails, groin area, athletes foot and even vaginal yeast infections.
These rashes often cause extreme itching and the diabetes makes it worse. Sometimes, it is due to the reduced blood circulation and other times it is a combination of that along with environmental factors like low humidity and dry skin.
Another skin condition that diabetics get is called dermopathy. These are scaly, brown patches that are round and resemble age spots. These spots can occur on the legs and crop up due to changes in the blood vessels. Luckily, these spots rarely itch and they do not hurt.
The texture and condition of your skin can change as a diabetic because atherosclerosis, thickening of the arteries. This condition narrows the blood vessels which in turn causes the skin to become shiny and hairless as well as thin out. Toes get less blood circulation and feel cold which in turn thickens the toenails. Exercise can be painful as the muscles do not get the oxygen needed via the blood vessels. In addition, any skin injuries do not heal as quickly as before.
The fact of the matter is, diabetics are more prone to infections, specifically skin infections simply because of the slower blood circulation. By practicing preventative measures, you can avoid many skin infection problems to stay healthy. Keep your blood sugar under control, take your medications as prescribed and immediately clean any wounds. These steps can keep your skin healthy and clear.