Chlamydia and Pregnancy

Chlamydia is a treatable sexually transmitted disease brought about by a certain bacteria known as Chlamydia trachomatis. No one is exempted having the infection, but studies have shown that it is common in teenagers and young adults, often having several sex partners. A fact is, Chlamydia is the leading sexually transmitted disease today in the United States. Identified as the “silent epidemic”, seventy five percent women and fifty percent of men having the disease do not experience any symptoms at all.

On pregnancy

During pregnancy, women that are infected with Chlamydia have a much higher degree of infection of the amniotic fluid and sac although quick attention and treatment can lessen the risk and danger of this problem.

In a number of studies, Chlamydia has been associated to increase the possibility of a miscarriage, though there are studies that also prove otherwise.

When the infection is not treated, the individual is prone to having uterine infection after the baby has been born. Babies born through the vagina have a greater chance of catching the infection; almost half of babies will have conjunctivitis or an eye infection in a few days after their birth; almost up to twenty percent catch pneumonia months after their birth.

Though these contaminations and infections can be critical, babies that are promptly treated with antibiotics mostly do well. But, it’s always best to get treatment during your pregnancy to avoid passing the infection to your baby.

Before, during or after your pregnancy, chlamydia bacteria may go up from the cervix to further infect the fallopian tubes or uterus, then cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Forty percent of untreated chlamydia disease in women that are not pregnant results with PID.

Symptoms of Chlamydia

Approximately seventy five percent of women with Chlamydia have no symptoms. If symptoms do appear, they could come out after one to three weeks of the infection and may include the following:

In women

1. yellowish vaginal discharge
2. burning sensation during urination
3. inflammation of the cervix
4. irregular bleeding or spotting

In men

1. discharge from the penis
2. burning sensation during urination
3. swollen or tender testicles
4. rectum inflammation

Chlamydia screening

It is very essential to identify and cure chlamydia during a pregnancy; the CDC strongly suggests that all pregnant women are to be screened for such infection at their very first prenatal check up. Your doctor will remove a swab of the cervical fluid which will then be sent to the laboratory for analysis.

When under the age 25 years old or have a high possibility for catching chlamydia (having more than one partner in sex or your partner has the infection) the test will be repeated on the third trimester, to make certain that you are free of infection during your delivery. Furthermore, you will be tested again for chlamydia if you have caught another STI during the pregnancy, if either you or your mate develop a symptom of chlamydia, or after your chlamydia treatment to confirm you are clear of the infection.

Treatment during pregnancy

Chlamydia in pregnancy is treated with a course or sequence of antibiotics which are safe to drink or take during the pregnancy. In general, one course will treat the infection. It is recommended that pregnant women are to be tested again after three weeks of fully completing the treatment to make certain and verify that the infection is completely gone. Your partner or mate must also be treated and you must abstain from doing sex until the both of you have fully completed the treatment so the infection wont be passed on all over again.

Avoiding Chlamydia during pregnancy

Avoid having sex with different partners if possible. If not, the use of latex condoms can reduce your chances of acquiring Chlamydia. If you are in doubt, that it is likely that you were exposed to chlamydia during your pregnancy, immediately inform your doctor about it so testing and treatment can be done.