What Is The Prefrontal Cortex?

In mammalian brain anatomy, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cerebral cortex which covers the front part of the frontal lobe. The PFC contains Brodmann areas 9, 10, 11, 12, […]

Fibro Myalgia

Patients dealing with the diagnosis of fibro myalgia require information so that they can deal with their condition on a daily basis. The information they need concerns what the symptoms are and what to expect about the treatment.

Fibromyalgia is a condition in which there are dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system and also dysfunction in the immune system. These systems are responsible for the symptoms associated with the condition. If the person is young the main symptom they will experience is usually pain, if the person is more than 60 years of age the main symptom they usually feel is fatigue. Other symptoms are sleeping disturbance, dizziness, nausea, morning stiffness, and some experience irritable bowel syndrome.

Fibro Myalgia Signs and Symptoms

What Is Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor?

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, also known as BDNF, is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the BDNF gene. BDNF is a member of the neurotrophin family of growth factors, […]

Ciliary Disease Genetic Modifier Identified

Cross Section of Basal BodiesTwo people have the same genetic disease. One of them goes blind in childhood, the other much later in life. It is a phenomenon that has intrigued researchers for years, and is a focus of the field of epigenetics, the study of changes in gene expression caused by mechanisms other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence.

Epilepsy Gene Can Be Switched On

EpilepsyResearchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine have uncovered something that may help explain how people not genetically predisposed to epilepsy develop the disorder.
Published in the Journal of Neuroscience, the study(1) reports that a gene known to predispose people who inherit an active form of it to certain forms of epilepsy, can be “switched on” in mice that do not appear to have inherited the active form, and thus a genetic predisposition, to the condition.

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless, poisonous gas. It can cause sudden illness and death if present in high enough concentration in the surrounding air. When power outages occur during emergencies such as hurricanes or winter storms, the use of alternative sources of fuel or electricity for heating, cooling, or cooking can cause CO to build up in a home, garage, or camper and poison the people and animals inside. Generators, grills, camp stoves, or other gasoline, propane, natural gas, or charcoal-burning devices should never be used inside a home, basement, garage, or camper – or even outside near an open window or window air conditioner.

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Symptoms

The symptoms and signs of carbon monoxide poisoning are variable and nonspecific. The most common symptoms of CO poisoning are headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, chest pain, and altered mental status.

What is Botulism?

Botulism is a rare but serious illness. Each year, U.S. healthcare providers report an average of 110 cases of botulism to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Although there are several kinds of botulism, we will focus on botulism caused by eating contaminated food. About 10 to 30 outbreaks of foodborne botulism are reported annually to CDC. This illness does not occur frequently, but it can be fatal if not treated quickly and properly.

Botulism is caused by toxin (poison) produced by Clostridium botulinum bacteria. This toxin affects your nerves and, if untreated, can cause paralysis and respiratory failure. C. botulinum toxin is one of the most powerful naturally occuring toxins. Exposure to the toxin, particularly in an aerosolized (spray) form, can be fatal.