Cancer

Cancer of the Testicles Surgical Treatment

One of the ways that testicular cancer is treated is through the removal of the testicle affected. Surgery may not be an option for everyone but it is a standard practice, especially when the cancer is caught later than most other cases. It is important to note that regardless of the stage the cancer is in, surgery is always seen as an option.

The typical surgery performed on men with testicular cancer is called a radical inguinal orchietomy. During the surgery, the doctors will make an incision in the groin area and they will pull the testicle away from the scrotum through the incision. From there, the spermatic cord which goes from the abdomen and is linked to the testicle is cut.

In surgery, the doctors have to be very careful to prevent any cancer cells from migrating into the incision created or even loosening them from the tumor or lump removed so it could travel via the blood throughout the body.

Testicular Cancer Treatment

Your doctor will design a treatment plan that is based on the stage of your cancer, the symptoms you are having, and your test results. You will be asked about choices in your treatment but the usual course of treatment involves surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Your doctor will do all that is possible to remove all cancer cells from your testes.

Chemotherapy is powerful medication that is used to rid your body of cancer cells. The therapy can cause nausea and vomiting so other medications may be prescribed to treat these side effects of the chemotherapy. Medications used may be any of the following medications or a combination of them:

Chemotherapy Medications:

Bleomycin, Cisplatin, Etoposise or Ifosfamide and paclitaxel.

Nausea and vomiting Medications:

Serotonin antagonists such as Zofran, Kytril, Anzemet or Phenothiazines such as Compazine or Phenergan. Reglan and Gravol may also be recommended.

Diagnosing Testicular Cancer

Like other cancers, the individual who has it can detect the presence of testicular cancer by doing a self-examination in which they are looking for lumps. A doctor may also detect a lump while doing a routine examination. If a lump is located during self-examination or by a doctor doing an examination the next step is to determine if the lump is cancerous or not.

Self-Examination:

The male should examine his testicles during or after his bath or shower, because that is when the skin of the scrotum is relaxed.

Step by step what to do:

    • Hold the penis out of the way and then examine each testicle separately.

    • Hold the testicle between your thumbs and fingers with both hands and roll it gently between your fingers.

    • Look and also feel for any hard lumps or nodules which are smooth rounded masses or any change in the size, shape, or the consistency of your testes.

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

Males who are aware of testicular cancer may be concerned about what to look out for when doing self-examinations. They often wonder what exactly are the symptoms of testicular cancer? Here are some simple facts that may help to determine what are the symptoms and when to be concerned.

It is important to understand that just having symptoms described in this article is not to say that you do for sure have testicular cancer. Having symptoms only means that you should have a doctor examine you to make a diagnosis. The symptoms that are typical of testicular cancer can also be symptoms for other conditions.

Testicular Cancer

Cancer that forms in a man’s testicles is called: testicular cancer. Usually this type of cancer affects males who are between the ages of 20 and 40. Males who have had abnormal testicle development, have had an undescended testicle, or have those who have a family history of testicular cancer are those who are more prone to developing this cancer.

White males of Scandinavian descent are more prone to having this type of cancer. The testicular cancer rate for white males has doubled in the past 40 years and has recently increased for black men too. There is no known cause for the difference in rate of occurrence between whites and blacks.

Symptoms

The symptoms of testicular cancer include pain in the scrotum or testicle, or ache in the lower abdomen, back or groin, lumps in the testicles or in the groin area, and also swelling the same area. The earlier you discover and treat this cancer the better for prognosis.

Prostate Cancer Second Most Deadly Cancer in US Men

Prostate Cancer Cells MicrographAccording to studies conducted by the American Cancer Society, other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in America. The organization estimates that during 2008 about 186,320 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the United States. Although 1 in every six men in the United States will get prostate cancer in his lifetime, only 1 in 35 will die of this illness. Still this is a staggering statistic. Currently, prostate cancer is number among the killer cancers in the US for males, after lung cancer.

Digestive Cancers

Survival rates for sufferers of cancer have improved over the years because of two main factors:

    • Improved treatment methods.
    • Improved screening and monitoring, which help detect and begin treatment of the cancer earlier.

The prognosis for the sufferer is best when cancer is detected early and proper treatment begun as soon as possible. If cancer is detected early enough, then treatments have much better chances of success, driving the cancer into remission.

Diet and lifestyle changes can significantly reduce the risk of developing many forms of cancer, including some of the cancers discussed below. Even in cases where cancer is caught too late to be cured, a range of treatment options can still be effective in relieving the pain and symptoms that are caused by the cancer while also improving the quality of life for the sufferer.

Metastatic Cancers

Prostate Cancer Statistics

Prostate cancer affects a large number of men yet few know exactly how prevalent the cancer is. To better understand the disease, it’s important to look at statistics which help you to realize the risks faced by the condition. In this article, we’ll relay some statistics that have been gathered from various sources regarding prostate cancer.

    – An estimated 1 in 6 men in the United States will become afflicted with a case of prostate cancer. This accounts for an estimated 234,460 cases of prostate cancer being diagnosed per year in the United States alone. Although prostate cancer is often treatable, roughly 1 in 34 men living in the United States will die as a result of prostate cancer. It is also important to note, however, that there are an approximate 1.8 million men in the United States who have survived a diagnosis of prostate cancer.