A bladder infection, also known as Cystitis, is an infection of the bladder. It is a common condition, typically caused by bacteria entering the urethra and then the bladder. The bacteria leads to inflammation and infection in the lower urinary tract.
Most cases are caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a bacteria found in the intestines. When you urinate, you help remove bacteria from the bladder, but sometimes the bacteria grow so fast that some remains in the bladder. Even though bladder infections are more commonly seen in women, men can also get them.
Signs and Symptoms
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of a bladder infection, or if you have already been diagnosed and symptoms get worse. The symptoms of a bladder infection include:
• Abnormal narrowing of the urethra (urethral stricture), which may result from urethral catheterization, surgery, disease or infection
Treatment of a bladder infection depends on the cause, but usually includes antibiotics. Commonly used antibiotics include: Amoxicillin, Cephalosporin, Ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin, Doxycycline, Nitrofurantoin, and Sulfa drugs (sulfonamides) such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim).