What Is The Striatum?

The striatum, also known as the neostriatum or striate nucleus, is a subcortical part of the forebrain and a critical component of the reward system. It receives glutamatergic and dopaminergic […]

What Is Comparative Effectiveness Research?

The evidence gleaned from medical research directly affects the decisions made about health care, driving everything from clinical practice guidelines, to which health interventions will and won’t be reimbursed by  […]

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis usually develop during the first months or years of life. However, in rare cases, affected people may not show symptoms until later in childhood […]

What Is Triple X Syndrome?

Triple X syndrome is characterized by the presence of an extra X chromosome in each cell of a female. The condition is also known as trisomy X and 47 XXX. […]

What Is The Orbitofrontal Cortex

The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is a prefrontal cortex region in the frontal lobes in the brain which is involved in the cognitive processing of decision-making. In non-human primates it consists […]

What Is Dysthymia?

Dysthymia, sometimes also called neurotic depression, dysthymic disorder, or chronic depression, is a mood disorder consisting of the same cognitive and physical problems as in depression, with less severe but […]

What Is The Insular Cortex?

The insular cortex is a portion of the cerebral cortex folded deep within the lateral sulcus, the fissure separating the temporal lobe from the parietal and frontal lobes. The insulae […]