Nutrition for Diabetics

Nutrition plays a major role in the life of a diabetic, helping prevent and treat diabetes and the complications that go with the disease. To maintain a steady blood glucose level our body needs the correct foods for energy in the right amounts. Our bodies need carbohydrates, fats, and proteins to convert to fuel. Let’s look at those three groups and decide which ones to consume and what we need to avoid.


Protein is needed for fuel energy, but most of us eat more than we need. When choosing protein, we need to choose lean meats, chicken, fish, and lean beef products. We should also avoid cooking these meats in a high fat method. Broiling or grilling can make a tasty meal but also be low in fats. If you have kidney problems, you should watch your protein intake even closer.


Our bodies do need some fat because it helps protect our inner organs, has a concentrated source of energy, helps to regulate body temperature, and is important in healing pain and inflammation. Fats also help us absorb fat-soluble Vitamins such as A, D, and E. We do have to watch which fat we are consuming. There are good fats and bad fats.

Breathing Assistance Devices for Sleep Apnea

There are three main forms of breathing assistance devices in the form of positive airway pressure. Positive airway pressure is defined as “a breathing machine that pumps a controlled steam of air through a mask worn over the nose, mouth, or both. The additional pressure splints or holds open the relaxed muscles, just as air in a balloon inflates it.”


The three main varieties include the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the variable positive airway pressure (VPAP, also sometimes referred bi-level or BiPAP), and automatic positive airway pressure (APAP).

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

The continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), sometimes called “nasal CPAP”, is the treatment that is favored by those who suffer from mixed as well as obstructive sleep apnea. The CPAP is a small air blower device that is attached to a hose that connects to a nose mask. The device is worn while a person sleeps at night. It is comparable to an oxygen mask as it has straps on it to make sure it remains on the face securely.

The CPAP works throughout the night to blow air into the patient’s nose in order to keep the airway clear and open and to keep the airway pressure flowing readily. How much pressure the machine generates is determined by the patient’s doctor according to titration or an overnight test. The newest versions of CPAP’s are more geared towards the comfort of patients, as this is one of the main complaints of those who use them.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is the most common form of the sleep disorder. An estimated twelve million Americans are affected each year, and over 50% are prone to loud snoring and are overweight or obese. For reasons unknown, OSA is more common in males than females and in people who have large as opposed to medium or small neck measurements.


In obstructive sleep apnea a person’s airways are blocked during the night, therefore breathing ceases. After from a few seconds to ten seconds, regular breathing patterns usually come back, but there are cases where it takes fifty to sixty seconds for normal patterns to resume.

The longer the period of breathe stopage there is, the more serious the case. Obstructive sleep apnea is most likely to occur for those individuals who are prone to snoring, drink liquor, need to lose weight and those who have one form or another of an anatomical abnormality afflicting their soft palate or jaw. There are times however when a person who doesn’t fit any of the above criteria still develops obstructive sleep apnea.

OSA Causes

Muscles in the airways relaxing excessively while a person sleeps at night is the cause of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In many cases of OSA there is a “severe narrowing or occlusion of the pharynx” that seriously obstructs or completely stops breathing all together.

Barrett’s Esophagus

Barrett’s esophagus is a condition in which the esophagus, the muscular tube that carries food and saliva from the mouth to the stomach, changes so that some of its lining is replaced by a type of tissue similar to that normally found in the intestine. This process is called intestinal metaplasia.

While Barrett’s esophagus may cause no symptoms itself, a small number of people with this condition develop a relatively rare but often deadly type of cancer of the esophagus called esophageal adenocarcinoma. Barrett’s esophagus is estimated to affect about 700,000 adults in the United States. It is associated with the very common condition gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD.

Normal Function of the Esophagus

The esophagus seems to have only one important function in the body—to carry food, liquids, and saliva from the mouth to the stomach. The stomach then acts as a container to start digestion and pump food and liquids into the intestines in a controlled process. Food can then be properly digested over time, and nutrients can be absorbed by the intestines.

The esophagus transports food to the stomach by coordinated contractions of its muscular lining. This process is automatic and people are usually not aware of it. Many people have felt their esophagus when they swallow something too large, try to eat too quickly, or drink very hot or very cold liquids. They then feel the movement of the food or drink down the esophagus into the stomach, which may be an uncomfortable sensation.

Acid Reflux Medications

There are many types of acid reflux medicine available; find out about how each one works and how it affects your body. Examples of acid reflux medication include:


Antacids, such as Alka-Seltzer, Maalox, Mylanta, Pepto-Bismol, Rolaids, and Riopan, are drugs that are used to neutralize the acids in your stomach. Most antacids come with three different salts – aluminum, calcium, and magnesium. Antacids simply combine these salts using different dosages and formulations. Combined with bicarbonate ions, these salts serve to render harmless the acids in your stomach, at least for a period of time. Beware, though: Antacids can cause constipation, especially when taken excessively.

Foaming agents

Foaming agents, such as Gaviscon, prevent acid reflux by covering your stomach with foam. Usually, these drugs are only prescribed to those who have suffered little or no damage to their esophagus because if acid reflux.

H2 blockers

What Causes Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is a chronic and harmful disease that can be caused by many different factors. Here is an in-depth assessment of what may be causing acid reflux disease.

One of the main reasons that people experience the caustic fluid backup that is characteristic of acid reflux is improper functioning of the lower esophageal sphincter, or LES muscles.

These muscles are found at the base of the esophagus and provide a method of opening and closing the passageway to the stomach. When the LES muscles are weakened, they are often unable to fully close. This can result in acid from the stomach finding its way up into the esophagus.

Esophagal Abnormalities

Abnormalities of the esophagus are another reason why people are afflicted with acid reflux disease. Several different parts of the esophagus may be malformed, but two of the most common abnormalities that lead to acid reflux are peristalsis and a condition known as adult-ringed esophagus. In an adult-ringed esophagus, there are small rings in the throat which can cause an inability to swallow properly.

Acid Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (or GERD), is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux is a condition that occurs when your stomach shifts the liquid that is found inside of it back up into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The acid that is regurgitated most often consists of a few compounds: bile, acid, and pepsin.

Stomach Acids

Stomach acid is used in the digestion of food and can be a key irritant to the esophagus due to its tendency to damage tissues. Bile is made in the liver and may be backed up into the stomach, causing it to be released by acid reflux. Pepsin, the last common compound, is really an enzyme that kick-starts the stomach into breaking down proteins.

Once a person becomes troubled by acid reflux, they usually face the disease for the rest of their lives. Esophagitis that is caused by acid reflux can also be expected to be a life-long problem. Once treatment for acid reflux has commenced, a patient is usually advised to continue taking the medication for as long as they want to prevent the disease from affecting them.

Happens to Everyone

The Gastrointestinal System

Digestion involves the mixing of food, its movement through the digestive tract, and the chemical breakdown of the large molecules of food into smaller molecules. Digestion begins in the mouth, when we chew and swallow, and is completed in the small intestine. The chemical process varies somewhat for different kinds of food.

Movement of Food Through the System

The large, hollow organs of the digestive system contain muscle that enables their walls to move. The movement of organ walls can propel food and liquid and also can mix the contents within each organ. Typical movement of the esophagus, stomach, and intestine is called peristalsis. The action of peristalsis looks like an ocean wave moving through the muscle.

The muscle of the organ produces a narrowing and then propels the narrowed portion slowly down the length of the organ. These waves of narrowing push the food and fluid in front of them through each hollow organ.