Prostate cancer starts of by cells found in the prostate mutating and multiplying causing cancerous cells to develop in the prostate; the prostate is a gland that produces fluid to help carry semen during ejaculation in males.
Once the cancerous cells have taken control of the prostate they can find their way into other parts of the body, the most common places are parts of the bone structure and lymph nodes.
A person who has cancer would not know it unless they have had a prostate specific antigen test which is done by taking a blood sample or having a physical test, which is normally carried out by checking inside the rectum as the prostate sits against the rectums outer wall.
There are symptoms to watch out for that can be a sign of prostate cancer, although they can also be signs of other, less dangerous conditions. The symptoms you need to be aware of are
- while urinating
- Difficulty urinating
- Difficulty gaining or maintaining an erection (Erectile dysfunction)
- Blood in the urine
- Increased urination during the night
- Urinating more frequently
The most common age group to be affected by prostate cancer is men aged over fifty years of age. The rate in which people are likely to become affected by prostate cancer varies greatly world wide, a demographic study has shown that the men most likely to suffer with prostate cancer are those from the United States of America, followed by men of European descent and the least likely to become affected are men of African and Asian descent.
Enlargement of the prostate is called benign prostate hypertrophy, or BPH. While this growth is usually considered a nuisance, if a man experiences problems with burning, or difficult urination at any time, the prudent course of action is consulting a urologist.
Other symptoms may be:
- A feeling of having to push out urine
- A sensation that the bladder is not emptying
- Increased urinating, especially at night
- Intermittent starting and stopping of the urinary stream
After a diagnosis of BPH, many men will just continue to live with the symptoms and subsequent discomfort. It is not a life threatening condition, and there are treatments. In some cases surgery might be considered if the enlargement is significant.
Ignoring BPH can be extremely dangerous and lead to other disease such as kidney infections or damage as the urine can back up into the kidneys because of the blockage of an enlarged prostate. There can also be an occurrence of bladder infections.
There is a huge difference between BPH and prostate cancer. BPH is a normal part of aging. Prostate cancer is a condition where prostate cells grow exponentially and out of control. These cells create tumors that may spread to any part of the body.
Numerous health organizations report that 1 in 6 men will experience prostate cancer. However, if the condition is diagnosed early, approximately 99.3% of them will survive. The key is early detection.