Age and Infertility

The functioning of the reproductive system worsens over the years. That’s true for both men and women, but especially for women. One study has found that 29% of married women aged 40-44 are infertile, compared to just 7% of married women aged 20-24.

Declining fertility with age is built into the very workings of the female reproductive system. Your body only contains a certain number of eggs, and once they’re gone no more can be created. Some of these eggs will be ovulated and thus could be fertilized – but this only accounts for about one in every 3000 of the eggs you were born with.

Most of your eggs will degenerate over time, in a process called atresia. Once you have no more viable eggs, you have reached menopause. As you approach this point, with declining numbers of eggs, fertilization will become more and more unlikely.

Menopause does not happen at a set time for every woman. This

Causes of Infertility- Male and Female

Many of the things that can go wrong with the reproductive system are specific either to men or to women, and so there is a section on each sex. But some factors affect both sexes in a broadly similar manner, and so it will save space to consider them together.

Hormonal problems

Hormonal causes of infertility include:

    CAH (Congenital Adrenal Hypoplasia)
    Physical damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary
    Low fat reserves, usually linked to eating disorders
    Kallman Syndrome
    Prader-Willi Syndrome
    Bardet-Biedl Syndrome

Hormones are the body’s long-term communication system. They are chemicals which circulate through the body – often, but not exclusively, through the bloodstream – and trigger responses in cells. In contrast to the nervous system (which shoots messages across the body in fractions of a second, to be acted on and then instantly forgotten), hormones act over a period of minutes, hours, or days.


fertilityThe test-tube baby must rank alongside the moon landings and the discovery of DNA as one of the greatest scientific achievements of the 20th century. And, iconic though it may be, this is just one of dozens of medical breakthroughs that have brought us closer than ever to overcoming what must be one of the world’s oldest miseries.

For, however far back we look into the depths of human history, we can see the misery of the infertile couple. Sanskrit hymns, Old Testament verses, the Greek epics of Homer and hieroglyph-covered papyrus found in Egypt: all speak of the loss felt by the infertile.

Unable to continue their family line, to nurture a child, and to have somebody to look after them in their old age, men and women in every country and every time have turned to priests, shamans, witch-doctors and soothsayers, desperately seeking a child.

Lupus and Corticosteroid Treatments

One of the medication types most used by those dealing with lupus is called corticosteroid hormone treatments. These medications are related to cortisol which is a natural anti-inflammatory hormone that diminishes inflammation. These drugs are used because they are very fast acting. They will begin to relieve the inflammation immediate and at the same time they slow the disease down.

The health care provider will give their patient corticosteroids to try to push the disease into remission and keep it there as long as is possible. There are several different kinds of this type of medication that are commonly used. They include prednisone, hydrocortisone and dexamethasone.


These corticosteroids are used in a variety of ways. They can be given as pills, or by injection. They can also be applied directly on the skin in the form of creams or lotions. Since this type of medication is so strong the health care provider will try to use the smallest dose that is useful. In part this is also because these drugs can have a lot of side effects.

Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

Most times the lupus that you hear about is the worst kind which is called systemic lupus erythematosus. This type of lupus, also known as SLE, is a condition that favors women as those affected and has not only skin rashes but a host of medical issues that relate to the body’s immune system attacking the organs. Though this can be an aggressive disease but it can be handled by the right medications and lifestyle changes.


There are other types of lupus. Discoid lupus erythematosus, called DLE, has its own symptoms. This disease seems to concentrate more on skin rashes. It can cover the face with lesions and they can also be seen on the scalp. They are shaped like disks, hence the name discoid, and although seen mainly on the face they can be found anywhere on a person’s body.

The discoid rash is usually very red; it will be in patches that are thick and often scaly. They may appear red with a whitish, or at least lighter colored, scaly rim. Or it can be the opposite with the lighter patch surrounded by a darker red border. Either way they are disfiguring if on the face.

Drug-induced Lupus

Of all of the forms of the disease known as lupus, drug-induced lupus is one of the least severe. It is a problem that can potentially affect many individuals due to their prescription regimens, and it is an important type of illness to become familiarized with. In this article, we’ll talk about drug-induced lupus so that you can get a better feel for the problem.


While there haven’t been any types of specific criteria established for diagnosing a case of drug-induced lupus, there are some symptoms that can definitely point a doctor in the right direction when it comes to diagnosing the problem. Those who have a case of drug-induced lupus often experience pain and swelling in their muscles and joints, as well as the occurrence of flu symptoms such as a fever and a high level of fatigue and malaise. Inflammation may also be present within the membranes of the lungs and the heart.

Lupus and Pregnancy

It used to be that a woman with lupus was told that she could not have a successful pregnancy. That was twenty some years ago. Today with managed, competent medical supervision, a woman can successful conceive and bear a healthy baby. A pregnant woman with lupus will be considered a high-risk pregnancy. She will see a doctor more often than a woman without a special condition such as lupus. It is important for the woman to follow some important health tips for having a successful pregnancy:

Healthy Pregnancy Is Possible for Women with Lupus

    1. Plan to conceive when in remission for at least 6 months. Becoming pregnant while your disease is in a active state could end in miscarriage
    2. Get your body in optimal physical shape
    3. Prepare yourself emotionally and mentally for the pains that are sure to accompany you on your pregnancy journey. Joints loosen during pregnancy and since joints are already affected by lupus, you may experience more pain or swelling.
    4. Plan to take time off work so that you can get plenty of rest or make other sacrifices in order to put the needs of your body first

What is Lupus?

Do we know what Lupus is and where it comes from? Lupus is a disease that at one time made life very difficult for anyone who contracted it. But time and technology have meant a big change to the prognosis of someone suffering from any of the three most common types of lupus and their outlook is for a near normal life once diagnosis has been made and treatment begun.

The best way to describe lupus is as an ongoing infect that will attack the lungs, kidneys, skin, heart and even the blood cells. Lupus is the outcome of the immune system attacking the body instead of fighting disease. Doctors and researchers are still unable to say why this happens or why when it does it is more likely to happen to a woman. The disease gets its name from the rash that doctor’s claim looks like the face of a wolf.