Deep Brain Stimulation Holds Promise for Tourette Syndrome Sufferers

 Deep Brain Stimulation SurgeryA new study from University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland is finding that Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is helpful for people with Tourette Syndrome, reducing frequency and severity of tics.

Tourette Syndrome, an inherited neurological disorder, is characterized by the presence of multiple physical tics and at least one vocal tic. The uncontrollable exclamation of obscene words or socially inappropriate and derogatory remarks is actually present in a relatively small minority of those with TS, contrary to popular belief. (1) Although the exact cause of Tourette’s is unknown, it is established that both genetic and environmental factors are involved(2).

Head Lice

head lice Head lice are tiny little insects that live on the human scalp and back of the neck. Head lice make your scalp feel itchy.

The head louse is a wingless insect that looks a lot like an ant, although much smaller. The only difference between a head louse is that they are a lot smaller but have a longer abdomen; they also have long front legs, which they use to grip onto hair.

The life cycle of a head louse is about 6 weeks; this is from the egg being laid till the adult’s life ends. Below is a breakdown of this life cycle.

    • The eggs are laid and take 7 to 9 days incubation

    • The Nymph (new born head louse) goes through 3 stages before reaching adulthood

Devic’s Syndrome and Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the function of the nerves and their signals to the body from the brain and spinal cord area. There is, what many scientists believe to be, a rare form of the disease known as Devics Syndrome, or Devic’s neuromyelitis optica. (NMO)

Named after Dr. Eugene Devic, the French neurologist who first described the condition, is more common among women than men. Women comprise over 2/3 of patients and more than 80% of those with the relapsing form of the disease.

With this syndrome, the protective fatty covering which shields the spinal cord starts breaking down. In addition, there is inflammation of the optic nerve which in turn cases pain of the eye and loss of vision. These two conditions which indicate Devics Syndrome are called transverse myelitis and optic neuritis.

Signs and Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

There can be various symptoms of the disease, Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The main signs and symptoms are: hypoesthesia, which is changes in sensation, muscle weakness, abnormal muscle spasms, difficulty in movement, difficulty with coordination or balance, speech difficulties (dysarthria), difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), vision problems, fatigue, pain, bladder and bowel issues, sexual dysfunction, depression and cognitive impairment. Symptoms can vary from mild to severe.

Attacks of symptoms are mild, possibly asymptomatic and self-limiting initially and may not even prompt the individual to see a physician. They may not be identified as being related to MS until the diagnosis phase. The most common initial signs of MS are: changes in sensation in the arms, legs or face, complete or partial vision loss, muscle weakness, double vision, an unsteady gait, and balance issues.

Interferon Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease which affects the nervous system, particularly the protective sheaths around the nerve bundles called myelin. When these nerves are impeded, the messages sent to the brain and spinal cord become all jumbled up creating a variety of symptoms like weakness, impaired cognitive function, intolerance to heat, tingling or numbness and much more.

For quite a while, the only thing that could be done was treat the symptoms but now there are different drug therapies which help in treating the underlying cause of those symptoms. Interferon therapy is one of these that can decrease the incidence and severity of health relapses when symptoms flare up.

Early Starting is Key

Medications for Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a disease which uses your immune system to attack your own body cells. This is also known as an autoimmune disease. What happens is that your T cells view some of the proteins (antigens) in your blood and perceive them as invaders and attack.

The problem is that the cells they attack are within myelin, the protective sheath that envelops nerve fibers. When this happens, lesions form and impair the body’s natural ability to send communications via the nerves to tell the body what to do, where to move and more.

MS is usually not fatal but it can be debilitating in varying degrees and therefore, medications are often needed to combat the symptoms. You will find that there are quite a few kinds of drugs and they fall within several types of categories.

Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease that makes it known over time. To make the diagnosis, your doctor will have to be aware of more than one MS attack, which occurs in different parts of the nervous system (brain and spinal cord). To determine proof of multiple attacks your doctor will use clinical history, physical examination and testing which may include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI will be used to view organs, muscles and nerves.

Your doctor may also do a spinal tap to examine spinal fluid to see if it contains distinct proteins called oligoclonal bands. A spinal tap result of normal does not exclude the diagnosis of MS because the disease could be in the early stages. The spinal may rule out other diseases that may mimic the symptoms of MS, diseases such as Lyme disease.

MRI

Aspbergers Syndrome Sleep Disorders Linkages

 Aspergers Syndrome Sleep Disorders LinkagesA new study from University La Sapienza in Rome shows children with Aspberger Syndrome have more sleep problems than average children. Dr. Oliviero Bruni, who authored the paper, found that children with Asperger have a high incidence of certain sleep disorders and other problems involving sleep initiation and restlessness, as well as morning problems and daytime sleepiness.