Bees aren’t violent insects, but once someone intrudes or disturbs one of their nests, trouble is on its way. It is estimated that approximately 40 people who die from an allergic reaction to bee stings every year. Once certain people have been stung, they develop an allergy to the venom released by this insect. Other than bees, there are other insects which are capable of triggering acute allergic reactions: wasps, yellow jackets, fire ants and hornets. All of them are classified as Hymenoptera.
Bee sting allergic reactions include the following symptoms: dizzy spells, itching, swelling and welts. The reactions will go on for a few minutes. Severe reaction symptoms are trouble with breathing, low blood pressure, headache, cramps, vomiting, and anaphylactic shock leading to death.
The severe reactions to bee sting allergy happen to persons who are very allergic to the venom, older people with heart and chest problems or those who get multiple stings.
It is important to know what to do if a bee sting occurs. Here are the following tips people should keep in mind:
Try to spot the barbed stinger and flick it off the skin. Apply ice or cold compress to the affected area. Never squeeze the affected area; it may cause the venom to penetrate the skin. If stung in the neck or head, the danger is increased tenfold.
Bees are attracted to floral fragrances so if one is allergic to bee stings, she has to keep perfume to a minimum. He must wear white clothing. Since bees love bright colors its best to avoid them. He must keep from eating fruits outdoors and applying hair tonics on places where bees are found.
Children must be warned that they should not place their fingers inside flowers because that’s where bees get their pollen. Walking barefoot on clover fields is a no-no. Food must be covered outdoors. By midsummer time, mowing lawns or trimming hedges must be avoided.
The most effective treatment for bee sting allergies is through hyposensitization injection or specific immunotherapy (SIT). It is executed weekly then every six weeks for the next 3 or 5 years until a person receives 96 percent protection from bee stings.
If professional medical help cannot be given immediately, you must look for a tourniquet and apply it to a limb. There are also preloaded adrenalin syringes like Epipen and Ana-Guard that are specifically for emergency use. Puffing the Medihaler-Epi, an adrenalin inhaler, might help relieve the throat swelling and chest tightening. Cortisone and Phenergan, fast-acting and effective antihistamines, can work for less severe reactions.