Breast Lift Mastopexy

Mastopexy is a procedure is used to change the size and shape of the breasts. It is different from other procedures in cosmetic surgery and different results are expected. By knowing what a mastopexy does and the procedure involved, you can decide if it is the right surgery for you.

Mastopexy surgery is usually used to lift breasts that are sagging or loose. It may also be used to remove or reduce the dark skin that is often under the nipple. Mastopexy are also often referred to as a breast lift. They are popular for women who have had children, which may cause the breast to sag after breast feeding.


Before receiving a breast lift, you will need to go through a routine exam with your doctor. This is to make sure there are no complications in the breast, such as cancer. There are other conditions, which can keep you being qualified for a breast lift. Knowing what these are and going through a routine check up with your doctor is important in deciding whether you are eligible for a breast lift or whether it would be harmful for you.

Mastopexy Procedure

When you go into surgery for a mastopexy, you will be given an anesthesia so you will not feel pain during the surgery and remain relaxed. The doctors will then make cuts around the natural creases of the breast. A small incision will also be made around the dark skin of the nipple.

Breast Augmentation Surgery

Trying to improve the shape and size of certain of your body is sometimes a concern for women. One of the common changes women will consider is the size and shape of the breasts. If you are not happy with the looks of your breasts, you may consider getting a breast augmentation. This allows you to have a larger size breast and allow you more confidence in the way you look.

The breasts are made up of connective tissue as well as glands used to produce milk. Most of the tissue in the breast area is made of fat. When someone decides to get a breast augmentation, they will be adding an implant to the area to make the breast fuller. This implant will be placed behind the tissue that is already there, but in front of the pectoral muscle that is found underneath the breast.


If you decide to have breast augmentation, you will need to have a thorough breast exam. Surgery may be ruled out if there are various complications in the breast area. The day of surgery, you will be placed under anesthesia to reduce the pain through the procedure. Usually, a breast augmentation does not take more than one or two hours.


Combination Weight Loss Surgery

There are three basic types of weight loss surgeries to help people who are considered morbidly obese. Restrictive, malabsorptive, and a combination of the two are all commonly performed on weight loss patients. These surgeries all have one goal, which is to help patients with a lot of weight to loss, shed those excess pounds. Each surgery is different and each has it’s own benefits and disadvantages.

When looking into having weight loss surgery, a health care professional will work closely with you to determine which type of surgery will benefit you the most. For some, the least invasive type of surgery is the best and for others, a more radical approach is needed. Whichever surgery is determined is right for you, it is vital that you research the surgery and let your doctor know of any concerns you might have prior to the surgery.

Restrictive plus Malabsorptive

One type of weight loss surgery that is commonly performed on obese patients is a combination of restrictive and malabsorptive. This surgery is called the Roux-en Y surgery, or is more commonly known as the gastric bypass. This surgery is a very poplar approach to weight loss surgery. It has been performed for several years with a high success weight.

What is Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic shock is defined as “a disease state where the heart is damaged enough that it is unable to supply sufficient blood to the body.” Sometimes simply referred to as “shock”, this takes place when the heart for whatever reason is not capable of pumping enough blood supply to the rest of the body to fulfill its needs.

Cardiogenic shock can come about by a variety of disorders of the heart valves, the heart muscles, or sometimes even the electrical conduction system of the heart. There are some other heart disorders that are closely related to cardiogenic shock and these include heart failure, heart attack, the rupture of the heart, cardiomyopathy, heart valve disorders (in particular, when there are leaky valves in the heart) and abnormal heart rhythms.


There are a number of symptoms that can accompany cardiogenic shock however some patients suffer a few of these while some suffer many. Symptoms include a rapid pulse, a weak pulse (sometimes referred to as thready), breathing that is rapid, anxiety or extreme nervousness, skin that feels cool to the touch and a decreased mental status.

Hereditary Heart Diseases

Its disheartening to say but heart disease can be hereditary. If a member of your immediate family, that is you mother, father, brother or sister has suffered with heart disease at some point in their life, especially if the heart condition was suffered when your family member was young in age.

Unfortunately genetics can be cruel sometimes and the hereditary heart disease can be the product of poor genetics, or it may only be a slight issue that is in the family’s genes. It has even been known that genetics may only play a part in one side of the family, an example being that it may only be the females in the family that have the unfortunate risks and the males are okay.


Some times the reason heart disease travel through families is not because of heart disease being hereditary, but because of a condition that can bring on heart disease being the hereditary factor. These hereditary conditions are usually conditions like high blood pressure or high cholesterol.

There are other ways that heart disease can be hereditary, this can be because of the way your family leads its life. If you think about your family, maybe you eat a lot of fatty, salty foods or maybe a large proportion of you are smokers.

Stages of Heart Disease

Heart disease is a problem that is faced by many but understood by few. It’s the leading cause of death in the United States, and it is important to know all that you can about it in order to keep yourself safe. In this article, we’ll examine the separate stages of heart disease in order to increase your knowledge.

There are three stages of heart disease, with the problem growing successively worse from stage one to stage three. We’ll start this article with the beginnings of heart disease.

Stage One

The first stage of heart disease is denoted by a higher rate of cholesterol than normal found present within the blood stream. Cholesterol is a substance that is present in many different animal products, and the buildup of cholesterol levels can result in the development of plaque within the arteries that are around the heart. The arteries will begin to become harder than they were before and less likely to be able to transport blood in and out of the heart.

Stage Two

In stage two of heart disease, the arterial plaques that are beginning to be accumulated begin to become more and more evident. Eventually, the clumps of cholesterol begin to resemble an open wound, and the body calls white blood cells into the area in order to repair the damage that has been done.

Hypertensive Heart Disease

The common layman knows hypertension as high blood pressure. High blood pressure is the name of a condition that raises the body’s blood pressure, but how does this affect the heart?

The heart has passed through over a million years of evolution and is the most well designed pump on the planet. The hearts job is to pump blood around the body, without rest, at a constant rate. To pump blood at a constant rate the heart needs pressure to do so, the problem with this is some people have a heart that produces too much pressure to pump the blood.

If too much pressure is put on the arteries that carry the blood to the heart, the arteries can strain and rupture, or even worse the heart can fail under the strain of the pressure it has created itself.

Heart Failure

When the heart fails, it will lose the ability to pump blood round the body effectively, this means the oxygen and nutrients in the blood that is pumped round the body will not get to its destination causing death in the most extreme cases.

When the heart fails its not always both sides of the heart that does so, if it is the left side of the heart, with a ventricle and atrium chamber, fluid builds up in the lungs due to blood congesting in the veins.

Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease kills over 110,000 people in England every year, not the United Kingdom, just England. This figure shows how serious coronary heart disease can be.

Coronary heart disease, also known as CHD for abbreviation is the build up of atheromatous plaques (otherwise known as Atheroma, or the accumulation of inflamed cells) in the arteries that send blood to the myocardium. The myocardium is the muscle of the heart.


People who have coronary heart disease do not tend to feel the affects of it until the condition has become advanced and really caused damage to the person’s body. In many cases coronary heart disease is only found when a person suffers a sudden heart attack.

By the time a heart attack occurs, the athermatous plaques has ruptured causing blood clotting to become activated and the arteries to narrow, this starts reducing the amount of blood flowing to the heart.

When a person does start suffering with coronary heart disease, the symptoms are usually that of angina, which shows in the sign of jaw pain and discomfort (not pain) in the chest.